Work and Study Opportunities in Germany for International Student
What options are there for working and studying in Germany? How can I travel there? Where am I located? Where will I stop along the way? How can I afford to travel to Germany? What is the price? These are some of the common queries that prospective international students have when thinking about continuing their academic education in Germany. These questions will be answered in this article, where we take you to step by step about your work and study opportunities in Germany.
There are many chances to work and study in Germany, and there are many reasons you would want to. First, Germany's economy is among the best in the world, and among the OECD nations, it has one of the lowest unemployment rates. If you're an entrepreneur looking to live and work overseas, Germany is a great destination to work because almost half of the employment there is made up of independent contractors. Finally, consider that you want to study or work in Germany. Knowing where to begin in that situation might be challenging, so we have put together this guide to research and employment prospects in Germany.
Work and Study Opportunities in Germany for International Students
Germany is a popular study location for international students because of its well-regarded universities and top-notch education system. Although there are no tuition costs at public universities in Germany, there is a semesterly administration fee. The price per semester ranges from 100 to 500 EUR. It's interesting to note that international students studying in Germany can work a part-time job for up to 20 hours per week during classes and even more during breaks.
Germany's educational system is one of the world's greatest, giving international students unique chances. Opportunities to study and work in Germany exist, but they differ based on your credentials and country of origin. Special rights are even given to students from Iceland, the European Union, Norway, Liechtenstein, and Switzerland. For instance, someone may put in more than 20 hours per week and still be eligible for insurance.
Study Opportunities for International Students
Germany has a stable economy and reasonably high-quality higher education, making it a well-liked location for students. In addition, Germany is well known for its world-class universities and high standard of education. Thus, it should be no surprise that it is a popular study location for students abroad.
More foreigners appreciate the benefits Germany offers, and as a result, there are currently more than 150,000 international students studying in Germany each year. In addition, all public universities in Germany, except for the Federal State of Baden-Württemberg, offer free tertiary education to all students, including those from abroad. This is true for nearly all bachelor's degree programs and specific Master's degree programs.
International students are eligible for free tuition at public universities in Germany. In Germany, only for-profit colleges and universities charge tuition. Furthermore, residing in Germany as an international student is less expensive than in other study locations outside of Europe. However, you must have good money management abilities if you live abroad.
In the meantime, it has been calculated that the cost of living in Germany is roughly €853 per month, which can be difficult for international students. International students may, however, be able to apply for financial aid through a scholarship through specific programs. The best scholarships in Germany for overseas students are listed here.
German higher education institutions collaborate to form DAAD (Deutscher Akademischer Austauschdienst), sometimes known as the German Intellectual Exchange Service, which is charged with fostering international academic ties. Additionally, by providing money and scholarships to international students, graduate students, and scientists in Germany, DAAD Scholarships focuses on exchanging scholars, academics, and researchers.
The Heinrich Böll Foundation bestows over 1,200 scholarships each year on deserving undergraduate, graduate, and doctoral candidates from various fields of study and nations. These students should complete their degrees at public or publicly recognized German universities. Furthermore, scholarship recipients must demonstrate an interest in ideals such as ecology, sustainability, democracy, human rights, self-determination, and justice, in addition to having exemplary academic records and being politically and socially active.
The Deutschlandstipendium offers financial support to ambitious and academically outstanding students from all corners of the world. It supports students at all participating universities in Germany without taking into consideration someone's nationality, personal or parent income. The scholarship is made possible through a public-private collaboration where businesses, foundations, or individuals sponsor students with a sum of 150€ per month while the Federal Government adds another 150€ to that amount. This scholarship is awarded by the universities, meaning applicants are required to meet the requirements of individual institutions.
Students with above-average academic achievements with a keen interest in politics are eligible to apply for the Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung Scholarship. This scholarship program aims to promote international students and doctoral candidates who have completed their undergraduate studies in their home country. This scholarship is available for students wanting to complete a postgraduate, doctorate, or research program. Priority will be given to students of Ph.D. candidates from developing countries or countries that are going through a political transformation.
Erasmus is also a wise choice for international students aiming to participate in a full-time study program in Germany. As an EU-wide grant funded by the member states of the European Union, Erasmus offers financial assistance for one-year exchange periods for international students at universities in Germany. To get the scholarship to Germany, you should be enrolled at a higher education institution. Your home and German universities must have signed the Erasmus Charter for Higher Education.
Meanwhile, most of the major universities in the EU participate in the Erasmus scheme, with German universities participating in numerous study programs funded by Erasmus Mundus and Erasmus+ scholarships. The grants will cover enrollment, travel, and basic living costs.
6. The Friedrich Ebert Stiftung Scholarship
Another option is the Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung scholarship, which seeks to promote social democracy through academic and financial assistance. The scholarship is available for foreign applicants studying or doing their doctorate in Germany at a state or state-recognized university of applied sciences. These students are expected to have above-average academic achievements. This is a good option for those in social sciences, politics, or humanities.
Work Opportunities for International Students in Germany
There are many ways for international students in Germany to earn money while they study, but there are some restrictions. Not every student is treated equally regarding part-time work rules and regulations in Germany.
Rules for Students
Students from the European Union, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, and Switzerland enjoy unrestricted access to the German labor market and have the same rights as German students. However, if they work more than 20 hours per week, they must pay specific insurance contributions (just like German students).
On the other hand, for students from other countries, special legal regulations apply:
- International students from other countries can work 120 full days or 240 half days per year. However, they are not allowed to be self-employed or work as freelancers.
- Students who want to work need permission from the Agentur für Arbeit (Federal Employment Agency) and the Ausländerbehörde (foreigners' office). Whether they are given authorization depends on the situation in the labor market. The chances are better in regions with low unemployment.
An exception is working as an academic assistant. There is no limit to how many days educational assistants may work. They still have to inform the foreigners' office, however. If you are uncertain what category a job falls into. Then, you should seek advice from student services or the International Office.
Searching for a Job in Germany as an International Student
There are employment exchanges on a lot of university and student union websites. In addition, on the blackboards, you'll see universities publish job openings in the corridors. These positions may be at the universities themselves or different nearby businesses and organizations. At their universities, some students hold academic assistantships. For instance, they might oversee the library, direct tutorials, or do literature searches for lecturers. Positions as educational assistants are a beneficial supplement to degree programs. If you're interested in one of these positions, you should inquire about openings at your institute's administrative office. Additionally, pay attention to the notice boards at your college or university.
Try the Federal Employment Agency or the "Studentenwerk" services, which are employment agencies managed by students, if you want to broaden your search beyond the institution. Every major institution has a website called "Studentenwerk," where employment openings are posted. In addition, students can frequently trade jobs at the Federal Employment Agency's regional offices.
How Much You Can Earn While Working as an International Student
In 2015, Germany instituted a minimum wage. As a result, the hourly rate has been 9.82 EUR since January 2022. However, the amount you can make greatly depends on your qualifications, the sector of employment, and the local labor market. In contrast, there are plans to raise the German minimum wage to 12 EUR in October 2022.
What Are Job Opportunities Available for International Students?
There is a wide range of industries international students may choose to work in part-time in Germany. The main types of work available for students in Germany to get professional experience are:
- Part-time jobs
- Summer or winter vacation jobs
However, most students prefer taking part-time jobs. The most popular part-time employment in Germany include:
- Research assistant at the university
- Office Assistant
- Language tutor
- Support staff/waiters at cafés/bars
- Retail store shopping assistant
- Call center officer
- Field interviewer
- Home delivery, and more.
To sum up, avoid working so much that it interferes with your education and causes you to graduate later than your colleagues. In Germany, there is various employment available. However, please discover one associated with your subject so that you don't have to exert additional work while maintaining your focus on your studies. It will also assist you in giving your courses more credit.